In this week’s New York Business Divorce, we consider a recent appellate decision addressing the effectiveness of LLC operating agreement “exculpatory” clauses to shield the company’s managers or members from personal liability for misconduct. With the latest decision, the roster of New York appeals court cases to consider this important legal issue grows from a trio to a quartet.
Continue Reading “Intentional” Breach of Fiduciary Duty Defeats Operating Agreement’s Exculpatory Clause

The Court of Appeals’ decision in Pappas v. Tzolis was one of three opinions by that court in 2011-12 that reset the bargaining table when controlling owners of closely held companies buy out minority equity holders. A ruling earlier this year by the Appellate Division, First Department, involved a shareholder dispute with an interesting twist on the fact pattern in Pappas. Find out more in this week’s New York Business Divorce.
Continue Reading Appellate Ruling Puts Pappas v. Tzolis to the Test