This week’s New York Business Divorce features a pair of noteworthy appellate decisions by the Second Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals and the Appellate Division, First Department, involving unsuccessful suits by non-managing members against managing members of realty holding LLCs.
Continue Reading Managing Members of Realty Holding LLCs Vanquish Self-Dealing Claims

Special Purpose Acquisition Companies or “SPACs” have become all the rage over the last two years, so it was inevitable that we’d see litigation between members of the LLCs that serve as SPAC sponsors. This week’s New York Business Divorce looks at a case stemming from a dispute over whether the sponsor’s operating agreement gave members an ongoing right to participate in future SPACs.
Continue Reading It Was Only a Matter of Time: SPAC Meets Business Divorce

The interaction between an LLC’s operating agreement and a subsequent, informal deal between the members raises difficult questions surrounding the enforceability of either agreement. In a recently-filed Manhattan Commercial Division case, the Court granted the plaintiff a preliminary injunction, signaling to the parties that the plaintiff was likely to succeed on his claim to enforce the informal deal notwithstanding arguably contrary provisions in the operating agreement. The case reminds us that the formality requirements of an LLC operating agreement may give way to an informal agreement when both LLC members manifest their intent to be bound by the informal agreement.
Continue Reading A Shotgun Buy-Sell Agreement and an Email Deal Walk into a Beachside Bar . . .

Can an LLC member with a put option–the right to sell his interest back to the LLC–exercise that option when doing so will render the LLC insolvent? This week’s New York Business Divorce post highlights a recent decision by Justice Masley of the New York County Commercial Division considering this issue.
Continue Reading Departing LLC Members: Exercise Your Put Option Before Insolvency Approaches

In this week’s New York Business Divorce, we tackle the rules governing enforceability of oral partnership, shareholder, and operating agreements, including a first-impression appeals court decision addressing the validity of an alleged oral modification of written limited partnership agreement under New York’s Revised Limited Partnership Act.
Continue Reading Enforceability of Oral Operating, Shareholder, and Partnership Agreements

In this week’s New York Business Divorce, read about the exceedingly versatile cause of action of breach of fiduciary duty and the many remedies courts may award upon a finding of breach. This week’s post focuses on two remedies in particular: disgorgement of profits obtained through self-dealing, and recovery of attorneys’ fees when pled derivatively.
Continue Reading The Common-Law Tort of Breach of Fiduciary Duty: The Total Package

Man marries and has a daughter. He executes an operating agreement providing for his wife and daughter to take his LLC interest upon death. But the man has an alleged mistress, who allegedly begets a daughter out of wedlock. The man then executes a will providing for his alleged mistress and out-of-wedlock daughter to take his LLC interest upon death, contrary to the operating agreement. What could go wrong? You can read about this steamy litigation in this week’s New York Business Divorce.
Continue Reading How to Resolve Competing Estate Plans of an LLC Owner with a Double Life

The typical dispute among LLC members over membership interest transfers involves voluntary assignments or testamentary dispositions. This week’s New York Business Divorce looks at a pair of cases involving disputes arising from involuntary transfers of membership interests.
Continue Reading Turmoil Follows Involuntary Transfers of LLC Membership Interests