shortsTraditions are good. This blog has two annual traditions. First, at the end of each year I write a post listing the year’s top ten business divorce decisions. Second, each August I offer readers who are (or ought to be) on summer vacation some light reading in the form of three, relatively short case summaries.

So here we are in what’s been a particularly felicitous August weather-wise (at least here in the Northeast U.S.), with another edition of Summer Shorts. This edition’s summaries feature two out-of-state cases — one from Florida involving expulsion of an LLC member and one from Delaware involving the valuation upon redemption of an LLC member’s interest — and a New York appellate court decision involving the removal of a limited partnership’s general partner.

The Anti-Chiu: Florida Court Upholds LLC Member’s Expulsion

Froonjian v Ultimate Combatant, LLC, No. 4D14-662 [Fla. Dist. Ct. App. May 27, 2015].  The Florida intermediate appellate court’s ruling in Froonjian makes for a fascinating contrast with New York case law represented most prominently by the Second Department’s 2010 decision in Chiu v Chiu holding that, absent express authorization in the LLC’s operating agreement, a member’s involuntary expulsion is not permitted. Going 180° in the other direction, the Froonjian court upheld the majority members’ expulsion of a minority member from a Florida LLC that had no operating agreement, reasoning that the Florida default statute vesting all decision-making authority in the members acting by majority vote encompasses the authority to expel a member.
Continue Reading Summer Shorts: Member Expulsion and Other Recent Decisions of Interest

The test for dissolution of an LLC includes whether its purpose as defined in the LLC agreement is no longer achievable. This week’s New York Business Divorce looks at cases, including a Delaware Chancery Court decision released days ago, in which courts have looked outside the agreement to determine the LLC’s purpose.
Continue Reading Finding Purpose Outside the LLC Agreement

For a variety of reasons, many closely-held corporations in New York and elsewhere choose to incorporate in Delaware. A Delaware Chancery Court decision last week, in Blaustein v. Lord Baltimore Capital Corp., serves as a good reminder of the perils of Delaware incorporation to minority shareholders. Learn more in this week’s New York Business Divorce.
Continue Reading Who Wants to Be a Minority Shareholder of a Delaware Closely-Held Corporation?

Estate planners frequently utilize limited liability companies to separate management and economic interests. This week’s New York Business Divorce examines a fascinating decision last month by the Delaware Chancery Court dismissing a dissolution petition brought by the trustees of an inter vivos trust that held almost all of the LLC’s economic interest but none of the voting rights or management control.

Continue Reading “Unusual Actions Breed Unusual Outcomes”: Delaware Court Dismisses Non-Voting Trust’s Action to Dissolve LLC Born of Estate Plan

Case law involving judicial dissolution of LLCs is still in its infancy. A recent Delaware Chancery Court decision takes another small developmental step, while also highlighting the need for operating agreement buy-sell provisions that stand a reasonable chance of avoiding business divorce litigation. It’s in this week’s New York Business Divorce.

Continue Reading Two-Member LLC Operating Agreement Contains Recipe for Dissension and Litigation