The interaction between an LLC’s operating agreement and a subsequent, informal deal between the members raises difficult questions surrounding the enforceability of either agreement. In a recently-filed Manhattan Commercial Division case, the Court granted the plaintiff a preliminary injunction, signaling to the parties that the plaintiff was likely to succeed on his claim to enforce the informal deal notwithstanding arguably contrary provisions in the operating agreement. The case reminds us that the formality requirements of an LLC operating agreement may give way to an informal agreement when both LLC members manifest their intent to be bound by the informal agreement.
Continue Reading A Shotgun Buy-Sell Agreement and an Email Deal Walk into a Beachside Bar . . .

It’s one thing to claim that someone never became a member of an LLC, it’s another to claim that an admitted LLC member later withdrew. Justice Stephen Bucaria addresses the latter claim in his recent decision in Gitlin v. Chirinkin, featured in this week’s New York Business Divorce.

Continue Reading Member of Real Estate LLC Never Withdrew, Held Entitled to Share of Sale Proceeds