This week’s New York Business Divorce travels upstate, to Buffalo, where a most interesting dispute between 50/50 members of a realty company has played out in litigation before Justice Timothy Walker, focusing on the rights of the non-managing member to bring a derivative summary eviction proceeding against the LLC’s sole tenant.
Continue Reading Not Your Father’s Derivative Action

Last week’s Court of Appeals decision in Pappas v. Tzolis completes a trilogy of recent decisions by that court dismissing fiduciary breach claims by disappointed sellers concerning buy-out agreements that contain releases or waivers of fiduciary duty. Learn more in this week’s New York Business Divorce.
Continue Reading Pappas Saga Ends, Court of Appeals Upholds Fiduciary Waiver in LLC Buy-Out Agreement

The New York Court of Appeals heard oral argument this month of an appeal from the Appellate Division, First Department’s split decision in Pappas v. Tzolis pitting fiduciary duty against contractual waiver in the context of an intra-member buy-out of LLC membership interests. This week’s New York Business Divorce provides highlights of the oral argument and links to the argument’s webcast, the parties’ briefs, and other background materials.
Continue Reading Does Waiver Trump Fiduciary Duty? Court of Appeals Hears Argument in Pappas v. Tzolis

By statute a member can seek judicial dissolution of an LLC, but can a member of a member seek dissolution by way of a derivative claim under Tzolis v. Wolff? Find out in this week’s New York Business Divorce featuring Justice Kornreich’s recent decision in JG Club Holdings, LLC v. Jacaranda Holdings, LLC.

Continue Reading Can a Member of a Member of an LLC Sue to Dissolve the LLC?

Last week, in Pappas v. Tzolis, the Appellate Division, First Department, handed down a 3-2 decision reinstating claims for fiduciary breach and fraud brought by members of an LLC against another member who acquired their interests allegedly while keeping secret his negotiations to sell the LLC’s sole asset to an outside buyer at a drastically higher valuation. It’s an important decision likely headed to the New York Court of Appeals, and it’s in this week’s New York Business Divorce.

Continue Reading The Rise and Fall and Rise of Blue Chip: Fiduciary Duty Trumps Waiver in Latest First Department Decision

A recent decision by Commercial Division Justice Bernard Fried addresses an interesting issue concerning demand requirements for derivative actions involving manager-managed LLCs. Learn more in this week’s New York Business Divorce.

Continue Reading May Majority Member of Managerless Manager-Managed LLC Maintain Derivative Action?

It’s hard to imagine a more challenging fact pattern and set of legal issues for a law school exam than the one presented in real life in the recently decided case, Pappas v. Tzolis, involving a buyout among LLC members followed by the purchasing member’s sale of the LLC’s asset to an outside buyer for a price far in excess of the buyout, followed by a lawsuit by the former members claiming they were bamboozled by the buying member. Read all about it in this week’s New York Business Divorce.

Continue Reading Does Operating Agreement’s Clause Permitting Competitive Activities Eliminate Member’s Fiduciary Duty to Disclose Negotiations to Sell LLC’s Assets Before Buying Out Co-Members?