It’s not every day that New York’s highest court considers a question impacting the business divorce cases that we typically litigate. But a recent decision from the Court of Appeals requires careful consideration by any owner of a foreign-incorporated entity considering New York litigation.  
Continue Reading Court of Appeals Bolsters the Internal Affairs Doctrine, Takes a Stroll Through Scottish Fiduciary Law

Last week, the Court of Appeals announced a major clarification of the law of advancement and indemnification of legal fees in disputes among closely-held business owners. Read about it in this week’s New York Business Divorce.
Continue Reading Warning: If You Want Legal Fee Advancement or Indemnification, You May Need to Amend Your Partnership, Shareholder, or Operating Agreement

New York’s highest court last week agreed to hear an appeal in a case that raises important issues concerning wrongful dissolution, damages, and valuation discounts under New York’s partnership law. Learn more in this week’s New York Business Divorce.
Continue Reading Court of Appeals to Decide Controversial Partnership Dissolution Case

Decisions in lawsuits brought by minority members challenging LLC mergers are rare finds. This week’s New York Business Divorce highlights a recent decision in just such a case by Manhattan Commercial Division Justice Melvin Schweitzer, in which he denied a motion to dismiss an action seeking to set aside a merger involving a realty management company organized as a three-member LLC. You won’t want to miss it.
Continue Reading Action to Enjoin LLC Freeze-Out Merger Goes Forward

Section 62 of the New York Partnership Law recognizes a partner’s right unilaterally to dissolve a partnership unless the partnership agreement has a “definite term” or a “particular undertaking is specified.” Last month, in Gelman v. Buehler, the New York Court of Appeals construed these terms for the first time in the almost 100 years since they’ve been on the books. Read all about it in this week’s New York Business Divorce.
Continue Reading New York’s High Court Rules on Unilateral Dissolution of Partnerships

The New York Court of Appeals heard oral argument this month of an appeal from the Appellate Division, First Department’s split decision in Pappas v. Tzolis pitting fiduciary duty against contractual waiver in the context of an intra-member buy-out of LLC membership interests. This week’s New York Business Divorce provides highlights of the oral argument and links to the argument’s webcast, the parties’ briefs, and other background materials.
Continue Reading Does Waiver Trump Fiduciary Duty? Court of Appeals Hears Argument in Pappas v. Tzolis

The New York Court of Appeals sidestepped the issue of LLC promoter liability for pre-formation nondisclosure in its decision last week in Roni LLC v. Arfa. It’s in this week’s New York Business Divorce, which also pays tribute to the late Professor Larry Ribstein.

Continue Reading With a Whimper, Not a Bang: New York’s Top Court Rules on LLC Promoter Liability

Say goodbye to Joe the Plumber, say hello to Joe the Shareholder who makes his debut in this week’s New York Business Divorce as we examine the rights under employment law of a minority shareholder whose employment with his own company is terminated by the controlling shareholders.

Continue Reading Dissolution May Be Sole Remedy When Minority Shareholder’s At-Will Employment is Terminated

The verdict is in: Limited partners may not assert claims seeking damages or rescission for fraud or illegal acts by the general partner relating to a merger transaction, and may only look to their statutory appraisal rights for relief. Read about it in this week’s New York Business Divorce.

Continue Reading High Court Restricts Remedies of Limited Partner Alleging Fraud by General Partner in Merger Transaction